2015, the year of new millenium development goals
2015, is the deadline given by the UNO in 2000 to realize 8 millennium development goals: 1. Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger. 2. Achieve universal primary education. 3. Promote Gender Equality And Empower Women. 4. Reduce child mortality. 5. Improve maternal health. 6. Combat hiv/aids, malaria and other diseases. 7. Ensure environmental sustainability. 8. Develop a global partnership for development.
Some new objectives for period 2015-2030 will formally be adopted by the United Nations during a “summit for the sustainable development post-2015” which will take place from 25 till 27 September in New York.
The theme of Expo 2015 is deeply related to some of these objectives particularly the 1rst, 4rth, 5th, 7th and 8th. Thus, the Expo will be a way to communicate on Millennium Goals, to assess the situation regarding the achievement of the objective in terms of nutrition and agriculture and to open up new avenues of action and collaboration. To go further : http://www.un.org/fr/millenniumgoals/
2015, the year of the COP21 in Paris
2015 will also be the year of the United Nations Conference on climate change (COP 21 -#Paris2015) which will be held in Paris. The COP 21 will have for main objective the conclusion of a new international and binding agreement on the climate applicable after 2020 in all countries to limit the global warming to 2 degrees.
Let us remind that:
- The agriculture represents 10-12 % of the greenhouse gas emissions – and the change in the land use – in particular due to the deforestation – represents 10 to 12 % of additional emissions,(source: FAO)
- Climate change threatens the agricultural yields and risk to increase the hunger and thus the conflicts (for further information: good note of the PAM).
- The way we eat is a direct change trigger able to decrease our environmental impacts by favoring when it is possible: the local productions that consume less energy and are less polluting.